Poland (officially commonwealth of Poland, in Polish Rzeczpospolita Polska) is a country located in Central eec as element of the European Union (EU) and NATO.
Poland borders Germany to the west, the czech Republic and Slovakia to the south, Ukraine, byelorussia again Lithuania to the east, further the Baltic Sea and Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave, to the North.
People have inhabited the lands of present-day Poland all through the last hundred thousand years. The Slavic people settled in this territory for 1500 years and the history of Poland as a rehearse spans nearly a millennium. The territory occupied by Poland has varied famously throughout its history. dominion the 16th century, during the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, formed the largest state sway Europe, before the growth of the Russian Empire. Later there was no separate Polish state. Poland regained its independence in 1918, after fresh than a century of rule by their neighbors, but their boundaries are inconsistent again after the Second World War.
In the tenth century Poland had a number of strong leaders who converted the Poles to Christianity, created a electric kingdom and integrated Poland into European culture. In the thirteenth century maid fragmentation leads to erosion of the opening state, but throughout the century, consolidating the basis of a innumerable dominant state was to come.
Jagiellon Dynasty (1385-1569) formed the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, starting point with the Lithuanian angelic duke Jogaila. The ardency proved beneficial for the Poles and Lithuanians, who played the dominant role weight one of the major empires of Europe for the next three centuries. The Nihil novi, act adopted by the Sejm in 1505, transferred more legislative competence to the monarch to the Sejm. This event marked the beginning of the duration called the „Commonwealth of the nobility” when the term was ruled by „free and equal”, the szlachta. The Union of metropolis of 1509 established the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth thanks to an influential participant in politics and culture of eec.
In the eighteenth century democracy of nobles progressively declined recreation anarchy, creation the once powerful Commonwealth, vulnerable to peripheral influences. Eventually everyone wanted a part of Poland, and obtained, erasing poland off the map guidance 1795. The mind of elegance independence was kept until the nineteenth century. The region of poland moment central europe became significant at a time when Prussia and Imperial Russia were painfully involved dominion European rivalries and alliances also modern states is fully established on the continent.
Since the summer of 1915, Germany and Austria-Hungary had overloaded all the territories traditionally Polish, thanks to the effectiveness of the Gorlice-Tarn